Long Term Outcomes After Off Pump Versus On Pump - Perfusion Education
Long Term Outcomes After Off Pump Versus On Pump - Perfusion Education

Long Term Outcomes After Off Pump Versus On Pump - Perfusion Education

  • Faculty: Program director Joseph Basha, CCP
  • Date: September 5th, 2019 2:00 pm
  • CEU’s: 0.58 CEUs
  • Price: $8.7
  • Category 1 SDCE CEU
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Course description

Excellent discussion and review of opinions and data from key opinion leaders in the area cardiac surgery. 

Discussions about patient outcomes, safety, effectiveness, advantages, disadvantages, appropriateness and when an off pump or on pump technique should be considered. 

Long-Term Outcomes After Off-Pump Versus On-Pump Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery

Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is a critical surgical procedure intended to improve blood flow to the heart by bypassing clogged arteries. The choice between on-pump and off-pump CABG has been a significant topic of debate within the cardiovascular surgical community. This review aims to dissect the long-term outcomes of these two approaches, primarily focusing on the durability of surgical benefits and patient survival rates.


Traditionally, CABG was performed with cardiopulmonary bypass (on-pump), where a machine temporarily takes over the function of the heart and lungs during the surgery, allowing for a motionless heart while the surgeon works. However, off-pump CABG, also known as beating heart surgery, operates without this bypass machine. Proponents of off-pump surgery argue it results in fewer complications related to the brain (such as strokes) and kidneys, and shorter recovery times.

Study Design

The debate over the superiority of off-pump versus on-pump CABG continues as advancements in both techniques evolve. This review pulls from a range of sources, including a pivotal study from the Journal of the American College of Cardiology (2018), which performed a comprehensive retrospective analysis comparing long-term survival and morbidities associated with each technique.

Data Source

The data analyzed was sourced from mandatory cardiac surgery registries in New Jersey, which collect detailed patient outcomes and maintain rigorous data verification processes. This mandatory participation ensures a comprehensive dataset, free from the selection bias often present in voluntary submissions to databases like the Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS).

Study Population

The population considered in the study comprised patients undergoing isolated, elective CABG from 2005 to 2011. Patients with hemodynamic instability, previous surgeries, or who were emergency cases were excluded to minimize variability and focus the study on typical elective CABG cases.


The methodology involved matching patients from both on-pump and off-pump groups based on a range of demographic and clinical factors to ensure comparability. Surgeons included in the study were required to have performed a minimum of 100 procedures in their respective categories (on-pump or off-pump), ensuring a high level of surgical expertise.

Key Findings

The study's primary endpoint was overall mortality, with secondary endpoints including stroke, myocardial infarction (MI), repeat revascularization, and new onset renal failure requiring dialysis. The findings suggested that:

  • Mortality: There was a noticeable difference in long-term survival rates between the groups, with on-pump patients showing slightly better survival over a ten-year period.
  • Repeat Revascularization: Patients who underwent off-pump surgery had a slightly higher rate of needing repeat revascularizations, which could indicate issues with graft patency or the completeness of the initial procedure.
  • Stroke and MI: There were no significant differences between the two groups in terms of stroke and MI rates, suggesting that off-pump CABG does not necessarily provide a brain protection benefit as previously thought.


These findings are crucial as they highlight that while off-pump CABG can be beneficial for certain patient populations (such as those at high risk for complications from cardiopulmonary bypass), it may not offer the same long-term graft patency and survival benefits as on-pump CABG. The choice of technique should be tailored to the patient's specific health profile and surgical risk factors.


The decision between on-pump and off-pump CABG should be made based on a comprehensive evaluation of the patient's cardiovascular health, surgical risk, and the expertise of the surgical team. While off-pump CABG offers the advantage of avoiding cardiopulmonary bypass, which can be beneficial in selected patients, on-pump CABG remains the gold standard for many surgeons due to its established efficacy in long-term outcomes and graft durability. Further research and advances in surgical techniques will continue to refine these approaches, ultimately guiding better, patient-specific care strategies in coronary artery bypass surgery.

The comprehensive analysis of long-term outcomes serves as an essential guide for healthcare professionals in making informed decisions that enhance patient care in coronary artery surgery.

#perfusion #perfusionist #CriticalCare 
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Meet Your Instructor

Program director Joseph Basha, CCP

Program director Joseph Basha, CCP

Joseph has been a practicing clinical perfusionist for 40 years. Joseph is the CEO of Houston Extracorporeal Technologies and is the program director of The New Orleans Conference

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