Primary differences between Roller vs Centrifugal Arterial Pumps - How They Work
Primary differences between Roller vs Centrifugal Arterial Pumps - How They Work

Primary differences between Roller vs Centrifugal Arterial Pumps - How They Work

  • Faculty: Program director Joseph Basha, CCP; John Ingram, CCP
  • Date: May 7th, 2020 9:00 am
  • CEU’s: 0.78 CEUs
  • Price: $11.7
  • Category 1 SDCE CEU
Buy Course
Course Rating:
(0 Reviews)

Latest Reviews

View All

Course description

John Ingram, CCP and Joe Basha, CCP examine the primary differences between and frequency of use of centrifugal pumps and roller pumps for systemic arterial arterial flow during cardiopulmonary bypass procedures. 

The webinar on "Primary Differences Between Roller vs Centrifugal Arterial Pumps: How They Work" embarks on an enlightening journey into the intricacies of these two pivotal devices in the realm of perfusion technology. With an expert panel comprising seasoned professionals in the field, this comprehensive session delves into the mechanics, advantages, disadvantages, and the array of studies comparing the efficacy and outcomes associated with each pump type. Through a meticulous exploration, the webinar aims to furnish attendees with a profound understanding of these tools, their operational dynamics, and their impact on patient care, thereby empowering perfusionists to make informed decisions in their clinical practice.

Unveiling the Mechanics

The webinar initiates with a foundational overview of both roller and centrifugal pumps, elucidating their operational principles. Roller pumps, characterized by their mechanism of propelling blood via the sequential compression of tubing by rollers, are spotlighted for their simplicity and direct flow control. Centrifugal pumps, conversely, utilize a constrained vortex within a polycarbonate structure to exert centrifugal force on the blood, thereby facilitating flow. This segment meticulously dissects the nuances of each pump's mechanism, setting the stage for an in-depth analysis of their respective advantages and disadvantages.

Advantages and Disadvantages: A Comparative Lens

A critical segment of the webinar is devoted to unraveling the advantages and disadvantages inherent to each pump type. Roller pumps, celebrated for their cost-effectiveness, low prime volume, and consistent flow rate, are also critiqued for their potential in causing hemolysis, tube spallation, and their non-afterload dependent nature which could lead to vascular complications. Centrifugal pumps, on the other hand, are lauded for their non-occlusive nature and reduced risk of vessel dissection but are also marked by their higher cost, larger prime volume, and the possibility of thrombus formation.

Scientific Inquiry: Studies and Evidence

One of the webinar's most compelling offerings is the synthesis of myriad studies aimed at determining the superior pump in terms of hemodynamic management and patient outcomes. The discussion navigates through research that contrasts the two pump types across various parameters, including hemolysis, inflammatory response, and microembolic generation. Notably, the webinar highlights the mixed findings from the scientific community, underscoring studies that both favor and critique each pump type, thus painting a complex picture of the ongoing debate.

Clinical Implications and Safety Considerations

The narrative then progresses to a nuanced discussion on the clinical implications of choosing between roller and centrifugal pumps, with a particular focus on pediatric cardiac surgery. Insights from recent studies suggest differential impacts on blood transfusions, mortality rates, and the priming volume, illuminating the nuanced considerations that must inform the choice of pump. Furthermore, the webinar accentuates the paramount importance of safety, positing that despite technological advancements ensuring roller pumps' safety, centrifugal pumps inherently possess safety advantages, especially in scenarios of acute line occlusion or air entrainment.

Conclusion: Towards Informed Decision-Making

Concluding on a reflective note, the webinar encapsulates the journey of understanding roller and centrifugal pumps as not merely a choice between devices but as a critical decision impacting patient care and outcomes. While acknowledging the technological strides that have minimized the safety gap between the two, the discussion reiterates the indispensable role of the perfusionist's judgment, informed by a blend of scientific evidence, clinical experience, and technological acumen, in navigating this choice.

In essence, this webinar stands as a testament to the dynamic and evolving landscape of perfusion technology, offering a treasure trove of knowledge, insights, and evidence to guide perfusionists in their quest to optimize patient care through informed and judicious use of arterial pumps. Through its exhaustive exploration, it not only educates but also provokes thoughtful consideration of the factors at play in selecting the most suitable pump for each unique clinical scenario, thereby enriching the discourse in the field of perfusion science.

John and Joe also explore the safety concerns with the use of each type of pump. 
#perfusion #rollerarterialpumps #centrifugalarterialpumps 
0:00 Roller vs Centrifugal Arterial Pumps 
1:26 Optimal Blood Pump 
2:17 Roller Pumps - How They Work 
5:40 Roller Pumps Advantages 
6:38 Roller Pumps Disadvantages 
9:51 Centrifugal Pumps - How They Work 
11:43 Centrifugal Pumps Advantages 
12:47 Centrifugal Pumps Disadvantages 
 Register and watch for free @ 
IV Dosage and Rate Calculator - 

Meet Your Instructor

Program director Joseph Basha, CCP

Program director Joseph Basha, CCP

Joseph has been a practicing clinical perfusionist for 40 years. Joseph is the CEO of Houston Extracorporeal Technologies and is the program director of The New Orleans Conference

Read Full Bio
John Ingram, CCP

John Ingram, CCP

John Ingram is a magna cum laude graduate from University of Texas, Texas Heart Institute and a board certified perfusionist currently specializing in adult perfusion

Read Full Bio