Single Ventricle Physiology. Alternative Technique of Long Acting Cardioplegia. Ammonia Blood Levels
Single Ventricle Physiology. Alternative Technique of Long Acting Cardioplegia. Ammonia Blood Levels

Single Ventricle Physiology. Alternative Technique of Long Acting Cardioplegia. Ammonia Blood Levels

  • Faculty: John Ingram, CCP; Matt Warhoover, CCP; Tammy Sparacino, CCP
  • Date: September 1st, 2021 6:45 am
  • CEU’s: 3.4 CEUs
  • Price: $51
  • Category 3 CEU
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Course description

The Vanderbilt Faculty team will discuss Single Ventricle physiology and how this affects perfusion technique during surgical correction. Our Journal Club explores alternative techniques to long acting cardioplegia for myocardial protection during open cardiac surgery.
Our Knowledge Nuggets segment explores elevated Ammonia levels and what this may mean in the ECMO patient.
Vanderbilt University Medical Center; Department of CV Surgery: Faculty Forum
Single Ventricle Physiology
Faculty: Katie Faella CCP, LCP, FPP J. Hoffman, MD Matt Warhoover, CCP A. Lepore, CCP
Tammy Sparacino Journal Club: Alternative technique of long acting cardioplegia delivery results in less hemodilution "Preparation of del-Nido cardioplegia and its delivery technique can cause significant hemodilution.
The resultant effects from hemodilution are largely proportionate to the use of a dual circuit.
We opted for a custom-disposable single cardioplegia circuit instead of a dual circuit."
Faculty: Tammy Sparacino, CCP
John Ingram Knowledge Nuggets: Ammonia Blood Levels, What does it Mean
Faculty: John Ingram, CCP


In the rapidly evolving field of perfusion, staying current with the latest techniques, research, and insights is vital for any healthcare professional involved in cardiovascular care. Our latest webinar, presented by a distinguished faculty from the Vanderbilt University Medical Center’s Department of CV Surgery, promises to be an invaluable resource. This session is divided into three pivotal segments: Single Ventricle Physiology, Alternative Techniques to Long-Acting Cardioplegia, and Elevated Ammonia Levels in ECMO Patients.

Faculty Involved

The faculty for this enlightening webinar includes experienced professionals such as Katie Faella CCP, LCP, FPP; J. Hoffman, MD; Matt Warhoover, CCP; and A. Lepore, CCP. Additionally, Tammy Sparacino and John Ingram offer their expertise in specialized segments.

Single Ventricle Physiology

In the first segment, the faculty delve into the complexities of Single Ventricle Physiology, a congenital heart defect that poses unique challenges for perfusionists. Led by Katie Faella and her team, this section sheds light on how Single Ventricle Physiology impacts perfusion techniques during surgical corrections. Understanding the dynamics of blood flow, oxygenation, and overall cardiovascular function in these patients is essential for improving surgical outcomes.

Alternative Technique of Long-Acting Cardioplegia

The Journal Club, hosted by Tammy Sparacino, explores alternative techniques to long-acting cardioplegia for myocardial protection during open cardiac surgery. The focus here is on the adverse effects of hemodilution caused by the traditional preparation and delivery techniques of del-Nido cardioplegia. The segment reveals that opting for a custom-disposable single cardioplegia circuit instead of a dual circuit can significantly reduce these negative effects. This is particularly critical for myocardial protection, which is indispensable during complex cardiac surgeries.

Ammonia Blood Levels: What Does it Mean?

John Ingram leads the Knowledge Nuggets segment, which focuses on elevated Ammonia levels in ECMO patients. Elevated Ammonia levels are often a red flag in clinical settings, especially in patients undergoing Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation (ECMO). This segment is designed to equip perfusionists with the knowledge needed to understand the implications and treatment options for abnormal Ammonia levels in the blood.

Why This Webinar is a Must-Watch

  1. Comprehensive Coverage: The webinar provides a holistic view of some of the most critical aspects of perfusion, making it a one-stop resource for perfusionists looking to broaden their knowledge.

  2. Expert Insights: Gain insights from leading experts in the field, each with years of experience and a deep understanding of the topics discussed.

  3. Practical Knowledge: The content is not just theoretical; it offers actionable insights and techniques that can be directly applied in clinical settings.

  4. Evidence-Based: The webinar is backed by rigorous research and clinical cases, ensuring that the information presented is both reliable and applicable.

  5. Continuing Education Units (CEUs): Like all our webinars, this session is approved by the ABCP for Continuing Education Units, making it a valuable addition to your professional development.


In summary, this webinar serves as a comprehensive guide to some of the most complex and challenging aspects of perfusion. Whether you are a seasoned professional or new to the field, the knowledge imparted in this session will undoubtedly be an invaluable addition to your practice. Don't miss this chance to enrich your understanding and improve patient outcomes. Register today to secure your spot in this illuminating session.

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Meet Your Instructor

John Ingram, CCP

John Ingram, CCP

John Ingram is a magna cum laude graduate from University of Texas, Texas Heart Institute and a board certified perfusionist currently specializing in adult perfusion

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Matt Warhoover, CCP

Matt Warhoover, CCP

Matt Warhoover graduated Vanderbilt University with a Masters in Health Care Management. He also earned a masters in Perfusion Science from Milwaukee School of Engineering

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Tammy Sparacino, CCP

Tammy Sparacino, CCP

Tammy graduated from Texas Heart Institute and had been practicing for nearly 17 years in the Houston and surrounding areas

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