Stroke in cardiac surgery Cerebral Embolic Protection. Stroke prevention devices
Stroke in cardiac surgery Cerebral Embolic Protection. Stroke prevention devices

Stroke in cardiac surgery Cerebral Embolic Protection. Stroke prevention devices

  • Faculty: Program director Joseph Basha, CCP
  • Date: May 25th, 2020 10:00 am
  • CEU’s: 0.92 CEUs
  • Price: $13.8
  • Category 1 SDCE CEU
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Course description

Very interesting presentation and discussion on the incidence of stroke in cardiac surgery and the development of Cerebral Embolic Protection devices.
Stroke prevention

The increasing prevalence of stroke in cardiac surgery patients has prompted a pivotal shift towards the development of Cerebral Embolic Protection devices aimed at stroke prevention. As professionals navigate the complexities of cardiac surgery, the preservation of brain function emerges as a paramount concern, underscoring the need for innovative solutions to mitigate cerebral risks.

The core of the issue lies in the delicate balance perfusionists must maintain during cardiopulmonary bypass procedures, where the ultimate goal is to ensure optimal oxygenation and perfusion throughout the body, with a heightened focus on cerebral protection. The human brain, with its hundred billion neurons and a hundred trillion synapses, presents a formidable challenge in maintaining its integrity against potential embolic threats during surgery. Traditional methods of measuring perfusion adequacy, while useful, often fall short in providing a comprehensive understanding of cerebral oxygenation, leaving room for improvement in monitoring and protection strategies.

Cerebral oximetry, though a promising tool, faces its own set of challenges. The accuracy of these devices is compromised by their inability to exclusively measure cerebral saturation, influenced by extracerebral blood flow and tissue absorption variations. This complexity highlights the need for a nuanced approach to interpreting oximetry data, acknowledging its limitations and the potential for false readings. Despite these challenges, the anecdotal evidence of cerebral oximetry's ability to detect significant changes in oxygenation underlines its potential utility as a trending tool rather than an absolute measure of cerebral oxygen saturation.

The discussion further explores the nuances of perioperative stroke rates and encephalopathy, revealing a disturbingly high incidence of cerebral complications in cardiac surgery. These conditions not only have profound implications for patient outcomes but also underscore the urgency for effective prevention strategies. The conversation pivots to the role of perfusionists in this context, emphasizing the critical need for their involvement in patient care beyond the operating room, to better understand and mitigate the risks associated with cardiac procedures.

Amidst the exploration of cerebral protection, the narrative delves into the realm of Cerebral Embolic Protection devices. These innovations represent a beacon of hope, offering a tangible means to shield the brain from embolic harm. The Sentinel device, in particular, is highlighted for its innovative approach to capturing embolic material before it can reach the brain, albeit with limitations that necessitate further research and development.

The discourse on stroke prevention and cerebral protection in cardiac surgery culminates in a call to action for continued innovation, interdisciplinary collaboration, and a patient-centered approach to care. The development and implementation of Cerebral Embolic Protection devices stand as a testament to the medical community's commitment to advancing surgical safety and outcomes. As the journey towards optimal cerebral protection continues, the insights gleaned from this presentation and discussion serve as a critical foundation for future endeavors in cardiac surgery and stroke prevention.

#perfusion #stroke #cerebralembolicprotection
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Meet Your Instructor

Program director Joseph Basha, CCP

Program director Joseph Basha, CCP

Joseph has been a practicing clinical perfusionist for 40 years. Joseph is the CEO of Houston Extracorporeal Technologies and is the program director of The New Orleans Conference

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